Kosher food is food that fully complies with all requirements of kashrut - Jewish law about eating. The word "kosher" in Hebrew means "fit."
The system of kosher food - is the oldest, carefully preserved the treasures of wisdom of the Jewish people. One of the main purposes of kashrut: thoughtful, rational, healthy food. In the food is permitted only environmentally healthy product that is fully in harmony with the body and is responsible to the laws of kashrut.
The following provide you a little story, shot by NTV journalists, telling about prozvodstve kosher meat: How to find the product or not kosher? Make kosher product is certified kosher for its products, resulting in the manufacturer has the right to define their product kosher symbol, or simply to provide a certificate. What does the sign of Kosher?
The sign stands for kosher kosher product, and therefore ensures the quality, purity, and its usefulness. Animals In the food is allowed only meat from animals that are both ruminants (strictly herbivores) and artiodactyls (with cloven hooves.) This herbivorous animals such as cows, sheep and goats, as well as: elk, gazelle, ibex, giraffes, etc. Birds
The Torah does not specify any signs for kosher birds. It is simply a list of lists trefnyh birds. Among them, such as eagle, owl, pelican. As this is not possible to accurately identify all trefnyh birds listed in the Torah, the only food consumed poultry, about which there is a kosher tradition. It's chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and pigeons. Pisces
Kosher fish, according to the definition of kashrut, have two essential characteristics: they have scales and fins. Kosher is not attached scales firmly to the body of the fish, and easily removed, if the fish hold of the nail. Slaughter of cattle and poultry (shechita) and meat kosherovanie
There are special laws of ritual preparation of the knife, which will be slaughtered animal - how to sharpen a knife, check that it was not the slightest Shcherbinka, etc.; laws about how and where to cut. Meat animals slaughtered properly, whose health has been irreparably damaged, non-kosher.
The Torah prohibits eating blood. Therefore, the meat is soaked in water at room temperature and then placed on a special board for meats and sprinkle with coarse salt. The salt absorbs the blood. After that, the meat is thoroughly washed. Shaw (k) hat (butcher) are usually many years studying to get a general knowledge of Jewish law. He then passes a special course for Reznik, lasting about a year and ending on the exam. Only after he gets the right to do shechita. The laws of shechita and inspection of animal carcasses in the Kosher sympathy baskets are very numerous and complex, so the only person who has studied them thoroughly, and received an appropriate certificate, shall have the right to engage in this profession.
After a kickoff specialist, checks the carcass destined for food animals. He examines the carcass to determine whether symptoms of the disease, which is considered non-kosher meat. Separation between the meat and dairy
The laws of kashrut is shared by all foods of animal origin for meat and dairy, the joint use of which is prohibited. After taking the meat must pass a few hours before you can eat dairy. After taking the meat of dairy foods can be eaten after a period of 30 minutes to 2 hours, the exact duration also depends on the community. The exception of hard cheeses, after drinking which must pass the same amount of time before eating meat, as accepted in the community between the intake of meat and dairy foods.
Products that do not belong to the dairy, nor meat food (fish, vegetables, fruits), called the law, and they are allowed to use as a meat and dairy from the diet. Opinions about the importance of kashrut Usefulness of kosher gift baskets food
According to this view, the Creator, who created the world, has given mankind the law, by which to live. He knows best what is good and useful for the spiritual well-being. Just as if a doctor gives a patient some medication or appoint a diet, the patient will follow the doctor's orders, even without understanding their meaning. The patient understands that the doctor knows best, what treatment is necessary, and take prescribed medication, even if you have no idea how they operate. Maimonides, who was also an outstanding physician of his time, gives the medical justification of the laws of kashrut. The Jewish scribes also explain that the non-kosher food is a negative impact on the spiritual level of man, his spiritual sensitivity is reduced and the heart of the "locked" to the perception of spiritual ideas. Maybe ... the character of the people may change depending on what the animal eats meat man. The Torah forbids eating meat so predatory and aggressive animals that did not inherit a killer instinct. It is no accident all kosher animals - herbivores, trefnye - Predators ... philosopher Philo of Alexandria The pursuit of holiness
According to this view, the purpose of the laws of kashrut is to instill such qualities as self-discipline and capacity for self-restraint, as well as to elevate the act of taking food from the animal level to the highly organized and conscious. Moral values According to this view, the purpose of the laws of kashrut is to minimize the number of animals that can kill; killing of animals to produce the most painless way; cultivate an aversion to bloodshed. Cruelty to animals is expressly prohibited by the Torah. Hunting and killing animals for fun - are prohibited. You can only kill animals for food, for medical research, and so on shechita (slaughter according to the Torah) - is one of the most humane methods of killing the animal. In accordance with the laws of kashrut, any wounded animal is not kosher. Therefore, animals should be killed quickly - with one stroke, to reduce pain to a minimum. The knife, which uses the butcher has to be sharp. The animal loses consciousness while in a split second. The Torah also forbids eating blood. This explains the special laws of slaughtering, soaking and salting the meat, to ensure removal of blood. Thus, the Torah teaches us not to be cruel.