Classification and types of wines
Wine is so diverse drink that is often compared to people, because each bottle has its own character and soul. Understand a wide range of drinks will help us wine classification by different criteria (wine material, mode of preparation, sugar and alcohol, color). After reading this article, you will no longer be confused by the names, which can be found on the bottle label. Many types of wines can be divided into several groups, which are easy to remember.
Product manufacturing all wines can be classified as grape, fruit, berry, vegetable, and many-raisin.
Grape - made exclusively from grapes during the production process are prohibited from using any other materials (exception is made only for sugar and oak barrels).
Next, it is advisable to select types of wine by the color. Depending on the time of fermentation and grape varieties are in red, white and rose wines.
Red - in their production technology used previously crushed berries "black" grapes. Slow such drinks, they gradually lose their dark color, so a young red wine will always be lighter than the vintage.
Red wines are such famous brands as "Bordeaux" (the classic wine of Western France, it is perfect for a hot), "Cabernet Sauvignon" (has a dense complex flavor, it is fed to chicken and pasta), "Chianti" (the famous Italian sweet wine which matches perfectly with steaks and Burger), "Beaujolais" (a light wine, it is fed to poultry and pasta), "Merlot" (fragrant and thick drink for simple food) and 'Pinot Noir' (thick and tart wine that fits to any dish.)
White - in most cases are made from grape juice "white" varieties. If you're using the "red" grape varieties, from the pre-peel fruit containing pigments.
For white wines include "Sauvignon Blanc" (a herbal flavor and is served with fish), "Chardonnay" (brewed in oak barrels is perfect for a summer food), "Shannon Blanc" (different spicy sweet taste, it is served with vegetables and chicken) , «Gewuztraminer» (refreshing drink supply to the spicy dishes, and fish), "Riesling" (it tastes like honey, served with oriental dishes and veal) and Sauternes (sweet thick wine, is served as a dessert for fatty foods).
Pink - for a light pink color, grape skin removed immediately after the start of the fermentation process. These wines are made from a mixture of "black" and "white" grapes, using the technology of producing white wines.
Classification of wines by the sugar and alcohol implies their division in dining rooms and fixtures.
Table wines are dry (sugar and 0.3% alcohol - 9-14%), semi-dry (sugar - up to 0.5-3% alcohol - 12.9%) and sweet (sugar - up to 3-8% alcohol - 12.9%).
Fortified wines are of the following types: strong (sugar - up to 1-14%, alcohol - 17-20%), dessert sweet (sugar - up to 5-12%, alcohol - 14-16%), sweet (sugar - to 14 - 20% alcohol - 15-17%), liqueur (sugar - up to 21-35%, alcohol - 12-17%), flavors (sugar - up to 6-16%, alcohol - 16-18%). By fortified wines include such varieties as "Madera", "Sherry" and "Port".
Also on the sugar content still produce sparkling wines that saturate the carbon dioxide in the process of secondary fermentation. World's most famous sparkling wine is champagne.
By way of manufacturing produce these types of wines: sweetened, diluted, alcohol, sparkling, natural wines.
Sweetened - to enhance the flavor they add sugar or honey is sweet, liqueur and honey wine.
Vintage - before bottling they necessarily maintained in stationary tanks for at least 6 months, starting from January 1 next year.